Langersnek (or Langesnek) (S385)

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Zebra at Moolmanshoek Zebra at Moolmanshoek - Photo: FaceBook

Langersnek is an official pass located on a secondary gravel road (the S385) in the eastern Free State highlands. Although the pass itself is not particularly memorable, the road does traverse right through the middle of the Moolmanshoek Private Game Reserve, offering spectacular sandstone mountain scenery and an excellent opportunity to do some free game viewing.

The road surface is in a reasonable condition and can be driven in any vehicle, except in really bad weather. It has not been possible to establish the origins of the name of this pass, but it is probably derived from the original owner of the farm on the north-eastern side, or perhaps from a local hero of the Anglo-Boer War. The spelling of this pass is taken from the official government maps, but locally the name is always spelled as “Langesnek”.

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[Video cover photo: Mike Leicester]

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Note: Google Earth software reads the actual topography and ignores roads, cuttings, tunnels, bridges and excavations. The Google Earth vertical-profile animation generates a number of parallax errors, so the profile is only a general guide of what to expect in terms of gradients, distance and elevation. The graph may present some impossible and improbably sharp spikes, which should be ignored.

Digging into the details:

Getting there: To approach from the south, start off at the intersection of the R70 and the R26 near Ficksburg, at GPS coordinates S28.838591 E27.892911. Travel in a northerly direction along the R70 for 18.8 km to S28.681093 E27.936749, then turn right onto a gravel road. Follow this road in an easterly direction for 6.4 km to S28.666385 E27.991212, at which point you will reach a 4-way intersection, although this is effectively more of a T-junction. Turn left, then travel just 400 metres to S28.663114 E27.989379, which is the southern start point.

LangersnekBeautiful scenery / Photo: Netwerk24

To approach from the north, start off at the intersection of the R70 and General Fick Street near Rosendal, at GPS coordinates S28.507578 E27.925368. Travel in a southerly direction along the R70 for 9.6 km to S28.589114 E27.934034, then turn left onto the S385. Follow this road in a south-easterly direction for 4.9 km to S28.611350 E27.972655, which is the northern start point.

We have filmed the pass from north to south. In the video, some of the mountains appear to have a smattering of snow, but this is an illusion. We drove this pass in January 2019 on a hot summer’s day, and the white sections evident in the video are merely the colour of the exposed sandstone rock.

LangersnekLooking east from the pass / Photo: Mike Leicester

The pass begins at a low point in the road, then undulates gently as it climbs slowly towards the summit which is reached at the 2.2 km mark. Game fencing brackets the road all along this section, and herds of plains animals will be visible on both sides. About 200 metres after cresting the summit, you will reach a Y-junction. The left-hand side will take you into the Moolmanshoek reserve itself, so unless you intend to visit the property, make sure that you select the right-hand option.

The road now begins a long descent, taking you down into the scenic horseshoe-shaped valley formed by the surrounding mountains. The game fencing continues, so keep an eye out for more animals, as well as the beautiful horses for which this farm is so famous. There are a couple of fairly steep sections, but nothing that will trouble the average vehicle.

MoolmanshoekTranquility / Photo: FaceBook

At the 4.7 km mark, the road flattens out a little and begins a wide turn to the right, taking your heading from south to south-west. The road plunges into an avenue of dense trees and bushes, most of these indigenous but with a few large willows thrown in for good measure. After emerging briefly into the sunlight, a second tree-lined section is again encountered as you traverse a long straight of 400 metres.

The last section of the pass is quite flat and open, offering excellent views towards the mountains on the left. Two gentle left-hand bends and a slight decline lead you to the end of the pass, clearly marked by a very large willow tree on the right-hand side that looks a little like a woolly mammoth. After another 400 metres, you will reach an intersection; turn right here to head back towards the tarred R70, or, if you are feeling adventurous, continue straight on along the network of farm roads to the south which will eventually spit you out close to Ficksburg.

LodgeLodge at Moolmanshoek / Getaway Magazine

For almost its entire length, the Langersnek pass bisects the property of the Moolmanshoek Private Game Reserve which, like so many places in this corner of South Africa, has a long and colourful history. The Moolman family first moved to the area from Graaff-Reinet in 1829, and discovered the valley on a hunting trip. Petrus Lafras Moolman divided the land between his four sons, who sold the farm to Thomas Mitchell when their father passed away in 1904.

Mitchell’s son Ernst, who was 17 at the time, later married Dora Musgrave and the newlyweds built the main sandstone house on the farm from 1928 to 1933 at a cost of £8000, a significant sum of money in those days. Ernst died in 1956, after which the property was leased out to various farmers until it was eventually sold to Hendrik Erasmus in 1968.

Endurance racingEndurance racing at Moolmanshoek / Photo: FaceBook

Erasmus’ daughter, Miemie, married Willie Nel from Smithfield in 1972. Willie bought the farm from his father-in-law in 1980, then added two neighbouring farms, Langesnek and Waterkloof, to the property. It is under the expert guidance of this couple and their offspring that Moolmanshoek has been transformed into the showpiece that it is today, and it is still managed as a family business.

The farm originally focussed on cash crops and cattle, but in 1996 a roof-crushing snowfall nearly 1.5 metres deep caused extensive damage to the farm buildings. At this point the owners decided to venture into the tourism market, stocking the land with game once historically indigenous to the area and introducing a host of adventure activities.

ElandEland at Moolmanshoek / Photo: Moolmanshoek

One of the most popular activities on the reserve is horse-riding. There are over 300 horses on the farm, and visitors can enjoy short rides of a few hours amongst the game on the plains and in the mountains, up to long outrides of 7 days. Both Boerperde and Arabians are bred on the property, the latter used mainly for endurance racing. Depending on their competition schedule and the rider’s ability, visitors may even get to ride one of the endurance horses in training. Horse-cart trips into the reserve are also on offer.

Flora in the reserve is typical of the Eastern Free State highlands mountain environment, with a variety of trees, shrubs, herbs, succulents and climbers growing on the mountain slopes and in the ravines. Dominant trees and shrubs are the ouhout, ghwarrie, sagewood, Cape myrtle, dogwood, and a few fynbos varieties. Rarer species include the sugarbush protea, mountain kiepersol, red hairy heath, mountain bamboo and cat’s claw. Because of the presence of these scarce species (notably the mountain bamboo), and the good state of conservation, the reserve was declared a South African Natural Heritage Site (No 199) in 1994.

4x4 trailA 4x4 trail at Moolmanshoek / Photo: Moolmanshoek

More than 230 species of birds have been sighted on the reserve, and a bird hide has been built within walking distance of the lodge. Wild game includes mainly plains animals such as wildebeest, zebra, springbok, blesbok, duiker, hartebeest, eland and oryx. The lodge provides guided game drives to observe these antelope in their natural environment, and night drives can also be arranged.

There are three 4x4 trails on the farm, all of which can be completed within a few hours. With its boundless mountain views, golden cliffs and wide-open spaces, the trails at Moolmanshoek are presented as scenic drives only, and not as challenging 4x4 courses. To minimise the environmental impact, the owners have chosen to use as much of the sandstone rock as is possible. An unusual feature of these trails is that the guides accompany the vehicles on horseback, allowing them to move quickly back and forth through the convoy when required.

AbseilingAbsiling at Moolmanshoek

Hiking is also a popular pastime on the property, and there are multiple trails, some of which include overnight facilities. Other adventure activities include scenic walks, fishing, abseiling, mountain biking and trail running.

Accommodation at Moolmanshoek consists of 15 bedrooms, most of which have fireplaces or Queen Ann stoves, whilst the executive suites are equipped with under floor heating. Guests can make use of the billiard room, library and the upstairs sun room, where an amazing view of the reserve and mountains can be enjoyed, and there is also a thatch-roofed restaurant with excellent cuisine and bar facilities where visitors can relax after a fun-filled day.

Located less than a 4-hour drive from Johannesburg, Moolmanshoek Private Game Reserve is a wonderful place for a short holiday or a long weekend break, especially if you enjoy outdoor activities. The rates are very reasonable, and the lodge has an extremely high rating and excellent guest reviews on all of the booking websites.

Text & video footage by Mike Leicester

Fact File:


S28.611350 E27.972655


S28.624762 E27.988042


S28.663114 E27.989379














6.9 km




7 minutes


60 kph


Gravel (S385)






Rosendal (18 km)

Route Map:

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